Corinth Background

 History of Corinth – Greek City, Then Roman Colony

50-51/2 AD - Paul in Corinth - Acts 18:1-18, 24-28

First Lost Letter to Corinth – 1 Cor. 5:9

56 AD - 1 Corinthians – written from Ephesus by Paul

Paul returns to Corinth?  Second Lost Letter to Corinth? – 2 Cor. 2:1-4

57 AD - 2 Corinthians – written from Macedonia by Paul

57-58 AD Paul’s final visit – Acts 20:2-3.

Outline of 1 Corinthians

Introduction – 1 Cor. 1:1-9

Factions and In-fighting – 1 Cor. 1:10-4:21

Problems of Behavior – 1 Cor. 5:1-11:34

Problems of Spiritual Gifts – 1 Cor. 12:1-14:40

The Resurrection of Christ and of Christians – 1 Cor. 15:1-58

The Collection, Travel Plans, Greetings – 1 Cor. 16:1-24

Outline of 2 Corinthians

Introduction – 2 Cor. 1:1-11

Paul’s Conflict with the Corinthian Church – 2 Cor. 1:12-2:13

Paul’s Defense of his Ministry – 2 Cor. 2:14-7:16

Collection for the Jerusalem Church – 2 Cor. 8:1-9:15

Paul’s Response to Challenges to his Apostolic Authority – 2 Cor. 10:1-13:10

Greetings and Conclusion – 13:11-13

Major/Relevant Themes of 1 & 2 Corinthians

Human Wisdom vs. God’s Foolishness – The Cross

Accountability in the Church

Sexual Morality and Sexual Immorality – The Body

The Problem of Hats

Spiritual Gifts – Speaking in Tongues, Prophesy, Healing, Administration, etc.

A New Creation in Christ


Questions for Reflection

 In 2 Corinthians 5:21, Paul, in speaking of Jesus, writes, “For our sake, he [God] made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”  This verse sums up the Gospel message – that on the cross, our sin was placed on Jesus, and his righteousness was placed on us.  If this is true, Paul says, we are a new creation!  What does it mean for you to be a new creation because of Jesus?  How is being a new creation more than just being healed or forgiven?

In 2 Corinthians 12:9-10, Paul recounts God saying to him, “my grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness.”  How does this section of Scripture affect how you think about your own experiences of suffering?  How does it affect the way you share your faith with others?